Immigration and Transgender People

I've written about the problems of undocumented transgender immigrants living in the US before.

Transwomen Incarcerated

Trans legalities

Crossing Over - Documentary on transgender immigration

Transgender Heroes #4: Ruby Corado

"I have never met a transgender detainee who hasn't experienced some kind of sexual harassment"

Deportees

As you might notice, most of those actually concern the efforts of the federal government to remove transgender immigrants from this country.

Part of what has been lacking has been actual data about transgender immigrants. So the National Center for Transgender Equality has striven to address that lack, releasing a new report last Friday, Our Moment for Reform: Immigration and Transgender People. To aid in the roll-out, BuzzFeed's Tony Merevick interviewed transgender immigrant and immigration advocate Johanna Vasquez.

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Economic Populist: How Fixed Interest Payment Consol Bonds Avoid A Default

I have talked about the broader economic/historic and political/ethical dimensions of Consol Bonds, but this diary is simply about how a certain type of Consol Bonds can be used to avoid default.

What do I mean by "Fixed Interest Payment" Consol Bonds? I mean a bond without a maturity date, that specifies the dollar amount to be paid as interest twice a year. These would be sold on the open market, just as we sell ordinary 10yr bonds. Since the dollar value of the interest payment is specified, and there is no maturity date, no Face Value is required, and so no Face Value is specified.

Consol Bonds are actually a quite old-fashioned type of bond, widely covered in elementary financial mathematics because of their simplicity.

The point of a Consol Bond was that there is no maturity date. Instead, the government just pays the interest, and if they want to retire the debt, they buy the Consol Bond back from the open market. "Consol" stands for "Consolidated", since they were originally used by the British, starting in Colonial Days before the French and Indian war to "consolidate" a number of different bonds with different maturity dates.

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Hellraisers Journal: "If McNaughton could only buy Big Annie, he could break the strike!"

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Monday October 5, 1903
Denver, Colorado - Denver Typographical Union Condemns State Militia

The Denver Typographical Union No. 49 met in session yesterday and adopted the following resolutions:

Resolved, By Denver Typographical Union No. 49, the pioneer labor organization in Colorado, that we reaffirm our loyalty and fealty to the law of the land, knowing, as we do, that personal safety vouchsafed to the people through the application of legal processes is the net result of centuries of human struggle against the despotic rule of might. We deplore and denounce the subversion of laws by the military arm of the state government, and declare it to be wholly in the interest and at the behest of the few rich and strong, and we declare the use of such force to be against the best interests of the masses of the people of the state.

Resolved, Further, That we urge upon the officers of the International Typographical Union to take active and immediate steps looking toward securing proper redress for the unlawful arrest and incarceration of the members of our sister Typographical union at Victor, and to that end the secretary of this union is hereby instructed to forward a copy of these resolutions to international head quarters at Indianapolis.

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Hellraisers Journal: Big Annie of Calumet released from jail, picks up her flag again to lead parade

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Sunday October 4, 1903
Duluth, Minnesota - Duluth Trades Assembly Supports Cripple Creek Miners of Colorado

A few notes from the recent meeting of the Duluth Trades Assembly:

It was just 8:20 when President Henry Pereault called the Trades Assembly to order last Friday evening. It was a very small meeting, but what it lacked in attendance it made up in enthusiasm...

Secretary Barron was instructed to notify the Miners Union of Cripple Creek that the Trades Assembly was doing all in its power to prevent the exportation of strike breakers from this locality...

Ten thousand dodgers in four different languages were ordered printed and distributed on the iron ranges, advising miners of the strike at Cripple Creek.

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Sunday Train: A Nation of Cycleways and Level of Service

Sacramento Kings fans rejoice! The California State Legislature has passed and Governor Brown has signed a measure paving the way for a new downtown Sacramento Arena, potentially keeping the Kings from high-tailing it to Seattle!

What does this have to do with sustainable transport? More than someone would think who only read the headlines. The bill as passed involves several changes to the evaluation of projects that will benefit sustainable transport projects, including:

Provisions of SB 743 will:

 
--Remove parking and aesthetics standards as grounds for legal challenges against developments in urban infill areas near transit stops.

 
--Modernize the statewide measurements against which traffic impacts are assessed and resolved, allowing developers to offset the impacts by building near mass transit stations.

 
--Expand an exemption from CEQA litigation for mixed residential/commercial projects located within transit priority areas where a full environmental impact review has already been completed.

The first of these three reforms reduces the opportunity to block a project on the grounds that it does not provide sufficient subsidy to motorists in the form of parking. The third of the three reforms reduces one of the disadvantages that mixed-use Transit-Oriented-Development faces compared to greenfield sprawl development.

But it is the second of the three reforms that is the real lede: within a half mile of a transit service that meets a quality of service threshold, it is no longer necessary to prove that the project maintains the same "Level of Service" to automobiles alone as an aspect of "Environmental Quality".

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Hellraisers Journal: "Sometimes the path to victory seems long, but we are well on our way."

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Saturday October 3, 1903
Cripple Creek District, Colorado - All Civilian Prisoners Released from Military Bullpen

Charles Kennison and W. F. Davis have been turned over to the civil authorities by the military. These were the last of the civilian prisoners held captive in the bullpen at Camp Goldfield. Kennison is the president of Miners' Union No. 40, and has endured many arrests and releases at the hands of the military. His latest arrest occurred on September 18th. His wife was not allowed to see him while he was held captive by the military.

Meanwhile, General Chase has been summoned to Denver. It seems that all is not well between the two generals, Chase and Bell. There are rumors of various scandals that swirl about the head of Chase. Some say there are problems concerning money matters, and others say that a woman may be involved in some way. These are only rumors, however, and no official word has been released as to why Governor Peabody has recalled General Chase from the strike zone.

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Hellraisers Journal: 1300 Men, Women, and Children Establish a New Village at the Ludlow Tent Colony

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Friday October 2, 1903
Cripple Creek District, Colorado - Woods Investment Forced to Close the Gold Coin

The Woods Investment Company has been forced by virtue of their membership in the Mine Owners Association to close the Gold Coin Mine. Mr. Woods has long been satisfied with work of the union miners employed there, however, the Mine Owners Association now requires all those affiliated with the Association to work their property with employees who are not members of the Western Federation of Miners.

Just this past Wednesday evening, Mr. Woods, himself, met the miners as they ended their shift at the Gold Coin Mine. He explained to them that each of them would be required to drop his membership in the W. F. of M. in order to remain employed at the mine.

Not one single miner would agree to become a scab, and the Gold Coin Mine was shut down. A committee of the miners was sent to the Economic Mill, also owned by Woods. The men working there, when informed of events at the Gold Coin, promptly walked out. Not one remained behind.

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Sociologists on Transgender

The journal Human Nature has a recent publication by Doug P. VanderLaan, Zhiyuan Ren, and Paul L. Vasey entitled Male Androphilia in Ancestral Environment.

The abstract for the paper is, of course, highly filled with jargon.

The kin selection hypothesis posits that male androphilia (male sexual attraction to adult males) evolved because androphilic males invest more in kin, thereby enhancing inclusive fitness. Increased kin-directed altruism has been repeatedly documented among a population of transgendered androphilic males, but never among androphilic males in other cultures who adopt gender identities as men. Thus, the kin selection hypothesis may be viable if male androphilia was expressed in the transgendered form in the ancestral past. Using the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample (SCCS), we examined 46 societies in which male androphilia was expressed in the transgendered form (transgendered societies) and 146 comparison societies (non-transgendered societies). We analyzed SCCS variables pertaining to ancestral sociocultural conditions, access to kin, and societal reactions to homosexuality. Our results show that ancestral sociocultural conditions and bilateral and double descent systems were more common in transgendered than in non-transgendered societies. Across the entire sample, descent systems and residence patterns that would presumably facilitate increased access to kin were associated with the presence of ancestral sociocultural conditions. Among transgendered societies, negative societal attitudes toward homosexuality were unlikely. We conclude that the ancestral human sociocultural environment was likely conducive to the expression of the transgendered form of male androphilia. Descent systems, residence patterns, and societal reactions to homosexuality likely facilitated investments in kin by transgendered males. Given that contemporary transgendered male androphiles appear to exhibit elevated kin-directed altruism, these findings further indicate the viability of the kin selection hypothesis.

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Hellraisers Journal: Rockefeller's Man in Colorado Claims Mother Jones was Former Brothel Madame

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

Thursday October 1, 1903
Victor, Colorado - Work Force of the Victor Daily Record Released from Bullpen

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