Cripple Creek Strike of 1903

Hellraisers Journal: Eighteen Hundred Men, Women, & Children Come Marching to Greet Militia

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Sunday November 1, 1903
Cripple Creek District, Colorado - Women's Auxiliaries Receive Charters from C. F. of L.

Last month the women of the strike zone began organize themselves to fight alongside their men. Women's Auxiliaries were formed in Cripple Creek, Victor and Anaconda, and they have all been granted charters by the Colorado State Federation of Labor. They are making their presence known by providing relief for families of strikers who are sick or otherwise in need.

Business men who are in any way connected with the Citizens' Alliance have had to sit up and take notice for these women have declared that they will not patronize businesses so connected. Many business have already hung out the white flag of surrender, promising to end that relationship. General Bell may yet meet his match as the women of the Cripple Creek District continue to organize.

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Hellraisers Journal: Deputized Gunthugs Attack Ludlow Tent Colony, Two Die as Miners Defend Colony

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Monday October 26, 1903
Indianapolis, Indiana - Mother Jones Bringing Report from District 15 of U. M. W. of A.

Keeping track of the whereabouts of Mother Jones is not always easy as she storms about the country on behalf of the United Mine Workers of America. Mother has been busy these past two weeks. On October 12th she was Illinois speaking at a memorial for the Virden Martyrs. On October 16th a Cincinnati newspaper printed an interview that she granted them while in that city, and the paper then indicated that she was on her way to Chicago. Yet on October 19th, the Denver Times reported:

Labor's Joan of Arc in This City.

Reports from Colorado indicate that she met with President Charles Moyer and Secretary Big Bill Haywood of the Western Federation of Miners. She stated her admiration for these two leaders, and her hope that Solidarity would hold the two miners' unions firm in their alliance. She even offered the olive branch to Governor Peabody, although her optimism that the Governor will stop his war on organized labor is not shared by those who have felt the full effects of that war.

We have also received reports that, while she was in the Southern Coalfields, Mother went dressed as peddler into the coal camps. By way of that disguise, she was able to get past the mine guards, travel the company roads, and visit with miners and their families in the wretched shacks which the coal companies offer as housing for their employees.

Mother has stated many times that the miners and their families live "in practical slavery to the company." The company owns their houses and all the land on which the company towns are built. If a miner loses his job, he also loses his home, and is summarily thrown out by the brutal company guards. The miners are paid in scrip, and must shop at the company store, at prices set by the company. The miners must send their children to company schools and worship in company churches...

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Hellraisers Journal: Mother Jones to Governor Ammons, "These women ain't going to bite you."

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Thursday October 22, 1903
From the El Paso Herald: "Combine of Miners Numbers 1,000,000"

From El Paso, Texas, comes the good news of peace and co-operation between the Western Federation of Miners and the United Mine Workers of America:


Merger to Combat Owners' Association.-Effort to Settle Difficulty.

Cripple Creek.-The most gigantic combine ever effected will be made in this district within the next week and a half, when the Western Federation of miners and the United Mine Workers of America will form an alliance for the purpose of fighting organized capital, which recently has been organized to combat unions throughout the country. The basis of operation will be perfected this week, when President John Mitchell of the mineworkers and Charles Moyer, president of the Western Federation confer as to the perfection of plans for the operation of the high combine. This gigantic combine takes in nearly a million miners in the United States.

The action by the union people is taken as a result of a meeting of the mine owners' association at Colorado Springs recently, at which it was decided to make their movement a powerful one to fight unionism in the country.

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Hellraisers Journal: Tent shredded by machine-gun fire will be shipped to the east from Colorado.

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Monday October 19, 1903
Denver, Colorado - Court-Martial of General Chase and Other Officers Begins Today

The court-martial of General Chase and other officers of the Colorado National Guard begins today. These officers have been brought up on charges of neglect and cruelty. Numerous soldiers have been made ill by the bad food and filthy living conditions at Camp Goldfield in the Cripple Creek District. One soldier died while being transported to a Colorado Springs hospital from the military camp. General Bell claims to be fully in charge of Colorado National Guard, yet it is General Chase and the others who are facing court-martial.

And we would further note that, if the soldiers are quartered in filthy and unsanitary conditions, then what must be the conditions under which the prisoners of Camp Goldfield are being held?

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Hellraisers Journal: Coeur D' Alene scabs arrive in Victor, Colorado, on morning train.

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Wednesday October 14, 1903
Victor, Colorado -Scabs arrive on morning train from Coeur D' Alene, Idaho


Ed Boyce
First President of the
Western Federation of Miners

Scabs shipped in from Coeur D' Alene arrived on the morning train today, and were met at the station by a large crowd. We feel justified in calling them scabs since, no doubt, word of the strike has reached Coeur D' Alene by this time. These scabs betray the memory of their two brothers who were shot down by mine guards on June 11, 1892 during the strike of that year. No miner from Coeur D' Alene could be so ill informed as not to know that it was that strike which led directly to founding of the Western Federation of Miners.

Over 600 suffered arrest and confinement in the filthy bullpen. Thirteen, including Ed Boyce, former W. F. of M. President, were imprisoned in the Ada County Jail in Boise. It was there that this great industrial union was conceived. The W. F. of M. was founded in Butte, Montana, in May of 1893. Every western miner knows this history. Therefore, we will say it again, these new arrivals are scabs of the worst sort. Traitors plain and simple.

In other news from Denver, Governor Peabody has ordered the reduction of the military force in the Cripple Creek District. There are at present 775 officers and men on duty in the strike zone, and that number will soon be reduced to 500.

Brigadier General Chase has been formally charged and placed under arrest in Denver. His court-martial is pending. The Governor is expected to release the General soon while he awaits the trial. Several others have also been charged and placed under arrest.

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Hellraisers Journal: $olidarity from the miners of British Columbia for the miners of Michigan

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Sunday October 11, 1903
Chicago, Illinois - Colorado Labor Official Warns of Socialism and the W. F. of M.

W. H. McDonald, Colorado commissioner of labor, gave a lecture yesterday in Chicago wherein he warned the good citizens of Chicago about the dangers of the Western Labor Movement. Mr. McDonald claims that the Western Federation of Labor and the American Labor Union exist, not to promote trade unionism, but to advance socialism.

In Colorado and other Western states the labor movement has been diverted from its lawful purpose to the task of pushing the propaganda of Socialism.

We are left to wonder when the Socialist Party of America was made "unlawful." And we would like to point out to the Labor Commissioner that members of unions have the same rights as anyone else in any other organization to vote as they so please.

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Hellraisers Journal: Gunthugs attack Ludlow Tent Colony once again, shoot and kill Mack Powell

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Saturday October 10, 1903
Denver, Colorado - Governor Peabody's court-martial board to convene in nine days.

Governor Peabody has appointed a court-martial which is set to convene on October 19th at 10:00 a. m. Many charges against high officers have been brought to the Governor's attention, reaching as high as General Chase, according to some reports. General Chase remains in Denver at this time.

General Bell has released several statements over the last few days. This is an example:

I offer the following moral to the Citizen's Alliance, the Mine Owners' Association, the Western Federation of Miners, and all other organizations: Moral-Attend to your own business affairs and don't in any manner or way interfere or mix in the military operations and conduct of the troops, and, incidentally, with the management and operation of the military affairs in the Cripple Creek district.

Bell further states that the organizations so-named should pin that moral into their hatbands. In other words, the citizens should shut their mouths and open their wallets to foot the bill for Bell's shoddy management of the Colorado National Guard in the Cripple Creek District.

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Hellraisers Journal: Michigan Copper Striker shot by deputy and close to death in Hancock Hospital

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Friday October 9, 1903
Cripple Creek District, Colorado - The Women in the Strike Zone Form Auxiliaries

The women of Cripple Creek, Victor and Anaconda are organizing themselves to stand beside their union men. Known as the Women's Auxiliaries to Organized Labor, they will be receiving charters from the Colorado Federation of Labor. Already the women are making their influence felt with the local area business men. Local shop keepers have been quick to sever their ties with the Citizens Alliance when informed that the women will not patronize any business so affiliated. The Auxiliaries are also involved in relief work throughout the strike zone.

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Hellraisers Journal: Gunthugs open fire on Ludlow Tent Colony; Miners rally to defend the camp.

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Thursday October 8, 1903
Denver, Colorado - Governor Peabody Orders Court-Martial to Investigate Charges

With persistent rumors of a widespread scandal within the Colorado state militia related to the Cripple Creek campaign, Governor Peabody released the following statement:

Charges and specifications against certain men and officers of the Colorado National Guard have been filed with me which will be immediately inquired into.

They are charges of a most serious nature, and I shall order a court-martial to investigate them thoroughly...

Gen. Chase has not been removed, but he will remain in Denver for present.

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Hellraisers Journal: "If McNaughton could only buy Big Annie, he could break the strike!"

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Monday October 5, 1903
Denver, Colorado - Denver Typographical Union Condemns State Militia

The Denver Typographical Union No. 49 met in session yesterday and adopted the following resolutions:

Resolved, By Denver Typographical Union No. 49, the pioneer labor organization in Colorado, that we reaffirm our loyalty and fealty to the law of the land, knowing, as we do, that personal safety vouchsafed to the people through the application of legal processes is the net result of centuries of human struggle against the despotic rule of might. We deplore and denounce the subversion of laws by the military arm of the state government, and declare it to be wholly in the interest and at the behest of the few rich and strong, and we declare the use of such force to be against the best interests of the masses of the people of the state.

Resolved, Further, That we urge upon the officers of the International Typographical Union to take active and immediate steps looking toward securing proper redress for the unlawful arrest and incarceration of the members of our sister Typographical union at Victor, and to that end the secretary of this union is hereby instructed to forward a copy of these resolutions to international head quarters at Indianapolis.

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