United Mine Workers of America

Hellraisers Journal: Deported Union Miners Dumped at Bleak Alkali Sand Dunes Without Food or Water

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Sunday June 12, 1904
Cripple Creek District, Colorado - Deported Miners Dumped Near Kansas Border

Cripple Creek Deportations June 1914

The miners who were herded down the street on Friday by militiamen and Citizens' Alliance "deputies" and then loaded into railroad cars and deported from the Cripple Creek strike zone, were found near the Kansas border yesterday. The following report comes to us from today's San Francisco Call:

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Hellraisers Journal: Gen. Bell Promises "One Deportation After Another" from Cripple Creek District

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Saturday June 11, 1904
From The Topeka Daily Capital: Mother Jones Continues Heading East

"MOTHER" JONES WAS HERE
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Is One of the Staff of President John Mitchel
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"Mother" Jones, who has been prominently identified with the Colorado miners' strike and is on the immediate staff of John Mitchell of the United Mine workers, was in Topeka for a short time yesterday afternoon. She called upon the local machinists and made a short talk at their meting. She left for the East last night.

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Cripple Creek Deportations June 1914

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Hellraisers Journal: General Chase Falls Off His Horse, Orders Cavalrymen, "RIDE DOWN THE WOMEN."

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Sunday January 24, 1904
From The New York Times: Pacific Express Company of Omaha Declares War on Unions

The Pacific Express Company of Omaha, Nebraska, is now demanding that all employes sign a yellow-dog contract as reported by the Times:

Omaha, Neb., Jan. 23-The Pacific Express company will wage war on the unions and will notify all employes that to join a union will be considered as notice of resignation from the service of the company.The following pledge was handed to the Omaha employes of the corporation to-day:

"In consideration of my employment by the Pacific Express Company I hereby agree and pledge my word not to apply for membership or become a member or retain membership in the organization known as the Brotherhood of Railway Expressmen of America, nor of any other organization with the same or similar object or aims which the officials of the Pacific Express Company decide are antagonistic to that company's interests. Failure on my part to keep this agreement will be considered my notice of resignation from the employ of the Pacific Express Company."

The pledge was handed to each employee early this morning, but to-night none had signed it.

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Hellraisers Journal: Big Tree in Central Square Shines As Ludlow Tent Colony Celebrates Christmas

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Wednesday December 23, 1903
From the El Paso Herald: United Mine Workers of America to Hold Convention

The annual convention in Indianapolis of the United Mine Workers of America this year carries with it more significance than any convention within the last five years, not excepting even the assembly that was followed by the declaration of the great anthracite strike. If the reports that are circulated at the headquarters of the miners' organization in that city are to be believed, the convention, and especially the joint conference between operators and miners that will follow its adjournment, will witness an important struggle. Upon the deliberations of the joint conference depends the wage scale for the year 1904. It is now asserted that the miners will carry to this joint conference a demand for a 10 per cent, increase, together with a demand for several important concessions that will have a far-reaching effect throughout the bituminous field. At the same time, it is reasonably certain that the operators will carry to the joint conference a demand for a 20 per cent reduction in the wage scale now prevailing.

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Hellraisers Journal: Mother Jones Will Bring Gifts to the Strikers' Children on Christmas Day

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Monday December 21, 1903
From The Arizona Republican: "Readjustment" of Miners' Wages Possible

Cleveland. O., Dec. 20-Coal operators of Ohio, West Virginia and Pennsylvania will raise the price of steam coal at the mines. This has become apparent through the gossip of the coal men who are in conference at the coal club in the Hollenden. It is explained that the prices have been greatly demoralized during the past summer and that a readjustment is imperative.

It has become patent that the question of miners' wages cannot be avoided. While the operators can take no official action in this connection their attitude will, nevertheless, be a pretty clear index to the position which will be taken by the interstate coal operators representatives in the negotiations between themselves and the delegates from the United Mine Workers' union in the coming conference in Indianapolis. The coal operators will insist upon the withdrawal of the present wage scale and the acceptance of a reduction.

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Hellraisers Journal: Mother Jones Working in the Halls of Congress on Behalf of Colorado Miners

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Monday November 30, 1903
From Anaconda Standard: W. F. of M. Secures "Writs for Release" for Miners in Bullpen

Denver, Nov. 28.-a special to the Republican from Cripple Creek says that Frank J. Hangs, attorney for the Western Federation of Miners, to-night secured writs of habeas corpus in the case of Sherman Parker, Victor Pool, C. C. Kenison, W. F. Davis. W. B. Fasterly and Patrick Mullaney, miners now in the bullpen supposed to have been arrested on suspicion of complicity in the blowing up of the Vindicator mine, but against whom no charges have been made. The writs are returnable Dec. 3.

SOURCE
The Anaconda Standard
(Anaconda, Montana)
-of Nov 29, 1903

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Hellraisers Journal: Western Federation of Miners on strike in Michigan aided by United Mine Workers

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Tuesday November 3, 1903
From The Arizona Republican: Victory for 35,000 Striking Miners in Spain


SPANISH STRIKERS

They Got All They Asked But Can Not Organize

Bilboa, Nov. 1-Never in the history of Bilboa has there been a strike of such consequences to the iron workers of Spain as that which terminated to-day. The miners will no longer be compelled to live cooped in barricades provided by the mining companies, and they will no longer be forced to purchase food from the company stores, which has been often declared unfit to eat.

Instead of being paid by the month, they will hereafter be paid every week. They have been refused, however, the right to organize, and it is believed this refusal will lead to trouble in the future.

The strike affected 35,000 men and 10,000 infantry, cavlary and artillerymen were brought here to settle it.

The arrival of Lieut. Gen. Zappino, commander-in-chief of the Basque provinces, was followed by conferences, which resulted in the settlement. It is officially stated that four persons were killed and twenty-one wounded during the strike, but the wounded will exceed this number.

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Hellraisers Journal: John H Walker of Illinois State F of L in Michigan to Support Copper Strikers

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Monday November 2, 1903
From The New York Times: N. C. F. Pleads for Conservatism from Labor Unions

Manufacturers and employers of labor all over the country are pleading with labor unions to go slowly and conservatively while the present scary feeling as to business conditions lasts. Discussing the general business situation, Marcus M. Marks, President of the Clothiers' Association and a member of the executive Committee of the National Civic Federation, said:

"...At such a period, employers should be patient with labor, and not shut down the workshops without absolute necessity; and it is important for the labor unions to go ahead very slowly, to read the signs and study the situation; to moderate their demands as occasion requires, and to avoid calling strikes until all reasonable efforts to bring about conciliation have been exhausted. Employers and wage earners should join hands in a great endeavor to keep the wheels of manufacture moving smoothly until the disordered machinery of Wall Street, gets into the safe groove again."

Whether or not, this plea for conservatism by Mr. Marks is aimed at his cohort in the N. C. F., Mr. John Mitchell, we do not know. John Mitchell, President of the United Mine Workers of America, has just authorized a massive coal strike in District 15 which includes the entire state of Colorado. The strike could begin any day.

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Hellraisers Journal: May the wonderful spirit of old Mother Jones march like the soul of John Brown!

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Friday October 30, 1903
Trinidad, Colorado - That Dangerous Woman Comes Bearing Trouble for 20,000 Miners

Of the many newspapers across the country which featured the story of Mother Jones delivering the strike authorization from John Mitchell to District 15 of the United Mine Workers of America, The Atlanta Constitution seems to have been the newspaper most alarmed by the news:

MOTHER JONES BEARS TROUBLE
She Takes Orders To Colorado For 20,000 Miners To Quit

We must note that this same newspaper does not at all concern itself with the high rate of death and injury to the miners, nor with the deplorable living conditions of the miners and their families in the company towns.

But the nation's miners and their struggle for justice abide ever first and foremost in the heart of Mother Jones. This poem was printed in the July 17, 1902 edition of the United Mine Workers Journal, a tribute to the beloved Miner's Angel:

Mother Jones, Miner's Angel

MOTHER JONES
- BY O. L. FORD

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Hellraisers Journal: Governor Orders Entire Colorado National Guard into Southern Coalfields

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Thursday October 29, 1903
Denver, Colorado - Mother Jones returns with message for miners from John Mitchell

Newspapers across the country are reporting that Mother Jones returned to Colorado last night directly from meeting with John Mitchell in Indianapolis. She arrived bearing the authority from the President of the United Mine Workers for a strike to be called by the District 15 coal miners. We have received reports that the strike is due to start next Monday. However, William Howells, District 15 President, stated that the exact date of the strike call had not yet been fixed.

Meanwhile, today is Mitchell Day in the state of Pennsylvania, and will be celebrated with speeches, picnics, and parades. The miners have declared this day to be a holiday bringing coal mining to a halt in the area. The largest celebration will be in Scranton where 40,000 miners are expected to attend a "monster mass meeting." Mr. Mitchell arrived in that city yesterday. After the parade, the festivities will be held at the circus grounds. John Mitchell will address the gathering as will officials from the United Mine Workers and the American Federation of Labor.

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