Western Federation of Miners

Hellraisers Journal: Deported Union Miners Dumped at Bleak Alkali Sand Dunes Without Food or Water

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Sunday June 12, 1904
Cripple Creek District, Colorado - Deported Miners Dumped Near Kansas Border

Cripple Creek Deportations June 1914

The miners who were herded down the street on Friday by militiamen and Citizens' Alliance "deputies" and then loaded into railroad cars and deported from the Cripple Creek strike zone, were found near the Kansas border yesterday. The following report comes to us from today's San Francisco Call:

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Hellraisers Journal: Gen. Bell Promises "One Deportation After Another" from Cripple Creek District

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Saturday June 11, 1904
From The Topeka Daily Capital: Mother Jones Continues Heading East

"MOTHER" JONES WAS HERE
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Is One of the Staff of President John Mitchel
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"Mother" Jones, who has been prominently identified with the Colorado miners' strike and is on the immediate staff of John Mitchell of the United Mine workers, was in Topeka for a short time yesterday afternoon. She called upon the local machinists and made a short talk at their meting. She left for the East last night.

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Cripple Creek Deportations June 1914

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Hellraisers Journal: Defense Further Demolishes Case Against Cripple Creek Strike Leaders

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Wednesday March 2, 1904
Cripple Creek District - Witnesses for the Defense Demolish Case Against Union Leaders

Cripple Creek Strike, Colorado: The Bull Pen

The work of demolishing the case against the district leaders of the Western Federation of Miners, begun early last week by the "persecution's" own witnesses, was completed later in the week by the witnesses for the defense. The case for the defense was presented, beginning on Friday. Mrs. Emma F. Langdon offers this report from the courtroom:

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Hellraisers Journal: Annie Clemenc In Chicago, Stands With Young Waitresses On Strike at Henrici's

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Saturday February 28, 1914
Chicago, Illinois - Annie Clemenc Stands with Striking Waitresses at Henrici's


Annie Clemenc, The Joan of Arc of Calumet

From today's edition of The Day Book comes the story of Annie on the picket line with the courageous young waitresses of Chicago:

THE JOAN OF ARC OF THE CALUMET COUNTRY
SIZES UP THE WAITRESSES' STRIKE
BY JANE WHITAKER

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Hellraisers Journal: Calumet WFM Women's Auxiliary #15 Planning Children's Christmas Eve Party

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Sunday December 20, 1903
From The Labor World: The Farmers' Educational and Co-operative Union of America

TEXAS FARMERS ORGANIZE UNIONS

Emory, Texas, Dec. 17.-The farmers of Texas are being unionized at a rapid rate. There are today some 3,000 unions in Texas with a total membership of 40,000 or more. It began at Emory, Rains county, about ten months ago, under the name of the "Farmers' Educational and Co-operative Union of America," and is now established in nearly every populous county in the State. About the middle of February next a meeting will held for completing a State organization and it is believed that the movement will spread to other States, as the Farmers' Alliance, which organized in Texas, did a few years ago. The purpose of the union is to buy and sell in bulk, to educate along agricultural lines and to eschew politics, but to, nevertheless, discuss political economy. Several North Texas lodges during the past few days have made extensive purchases of supplies in carload and are greatly encouraged by these savings.

SOURCE
The Labor World
(Duluth, Minnesota)
-of Dec 19, 1903

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Hellraisers Journal: Mother Jones Working in the Halls of Congress on Behalf of Colorado Miners

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Monday November 30, 1903
From Anaconda Standard: W. F. of M. Secures "Writs for Release" for Miners in Bullpen

Denver, Nov. 28.-a special to the Republican from Cripple Creek says that Frank J. Hangs, attorney for the Western Federation of Miners, to-night secured writs of habeas corpus in the case of Sherman Parker, Victor Pool, C. C. Kenison, W. F. Davis. W. B. Fasterly and Patrick Mullaney, miners now in the bullpen supposed to have been arrested on suspicion of complicity in the blowing up of the Vindicator mine, but against whom no charges have been made. The writs are returnable Dec. 3.

SOURCE
The Anaconda Standard
(Anaconda, Montana)
-of Nov 29, 1903

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Hellraisers Journal: Western Federation of Miners on strike in Michigan aided by United Mine Workers

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Tuesday November 3, 1903
From The Arizona Republican: Victory for 35,000 Striking Miners in Spain


SPANISH STRIKERS

They Got All They Asked But Can Not Organize

Bilboa, Nov. 1-Never in the history of Bilboa has there been a strike of such consequences to the iron workers of Spain as that which terminated to-day. The miners will no longer be compelled to live cooped in barricades provided by the mining companies, and they will no longer be forced to purchase food from the company stores, which has been often declared unfit to eat.

Instead of being paid by the month, they will hereafter be paid every week. They have been refused, however, the right to organize, and it is believed this refusal will lead to trouble in the future.

The strike affected 35,000 men and 10,000 infantry, cavlary and artillerymen were brought here to settle it.

The arrival of Lieut. Gen. Zappino, commander-in-chief of the Basque provinces, was followed by conferences, which resulted in the settlement. It is officially stated that four persons were killed and twenty-one wounded during the strike, but the wounded will exceed this number.

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Hellraisers Journal: John H Walker of Illinois State F of L in Michigan to Support Copper Strikers

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Monday November 2, 1903
From The New York Times: N. C. F. Pleads for Conservatism from Labor Unions

Manufacturers and employers of labor all over the country are pleading with labor unions to go slowly and conservatively while the present scary feeling as to business conditions lasts. Discussing the general business situation, Marcus M. Marks, President of the Clothiers' Association and a member of the executive Committee of the National Civic Federation, said:

"...At such a period, employers should be patient with labor, and not shut down the workshops without absolute necessity; and it is important for the labor unions to go ahead very slowly, to read the signs and study the situation; to moderate their demands as occasion requires, and to avoid calling strikes until all reasonable efforts to bring about conciliation have been exhausted. Employers and wage earners should join hands in a great endeavor to keep the wheels of manufacture moving smoothly until the disordered machinery of Wall Street, gets into the safe groove again."

Whether or not, this plea for conservatism by Mr. Marks is aimed at his cohort in the N. C. F., Mr. John Mitchell, we do not know. John Mitchell, President of the United Mine Workers of America, has just authorized a massive coal strike in District 15 which includes the entire state of Colorado. The strike could begin any day.

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Hellraisers Journal: Deputized Gunthugs Attack Ludlow Tent Colony, Two Die as Miners Defend Colony

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Monday October 26, 1903
Indianapolis, Indiana - Mother Jones Bringing Report from District 15 of U. M. W. of A.

Keeping track of the whereabouts of Mother Jones is not always easy as she storms about the country on behalf of the United Mine Workers of America. Mother has been busy these past two weeks. On October 12th she was Illinois speaking at a memorial for the Virden Martyrs. On October 16th a Cincinnati newspaper printed an interview that she granted them while in that city, and the paper then indicated that she was on her way to Chicago. Yet on October 19th, the Denver Times reported:

Labor's Joan of Arc in This City.

Reports from Colorado indicate that she met with President Charles Moyer and Secretary Big Bill Haywood of the Western Federation of Miners. She stated her admiration for these two leaders, and her hope that Solidarity would hold the two miners' unions firm in their alliance. She even offered the olive branch to Governor Peabody, although her optimism that the Governor will stop his war on organized labor is not shared by those who have felt the full effects of that war.

We have also received reports that, while she was in the Southern Coalfields, Mother went dressed as peddler into the coal camps. By way of that disguise, she was able to get past the mine guards, travel the company roads, and visit with miners and their families in the wretched shacks which the coal companies offer as housing for their employees.

Mother has stated many times that the miners and their families live "in practical slavery to the company." The company owns their houses and all the land on which the company towns are built. If a miner loses his job, he also loses his home, and is summarily thrown out by the brutal company guards. The miners are paid in scrip, and must shop at the company store, at prices set by the company. The miners must send their children to company schools and worship in company churches...

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Hellraisers Journal: Mother Jones to Governor Ammons, "These women ain't going to bite you."

You ought to be out raising hell. This is the fighting age. Put on your fighting clothes.
-Mother Jones

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Thursday October 22, 1903
From the El Paso Herald: "Combine of Miners Numbers 1,000,000"

From El Paso, Texas, comes the good news of peace and co-operation between the Western Federation of Miners and the United Mine Workers of America:


Merger to Combat Owners' Association.-Effort to Settle Difficulty.

Cripple Creek.-The most gigantic combine ever effected will be made in this district within the next week and a half, when the Western Federation of miners and the United Mine Workers of America will form an alliance for the purpose of fighting organized capital, which recently has been organized to combat unions throughout the country. The basis of operation will be perfected this week, when President John Mitchell of the mineworkers and Charles Moyer, president of the Western Federation confer as to the perfection of plans for the operation of the high combine. This gigantic combine takes in nearly a million miners in the United States.

The action by the union people is taken as a result of a meeting of the mine owners' association at Colorado Springs recently, at which it was decided to make their movement a powerful one to fight unionism in the country.

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